The People’s Pledge, negotiated by Scott Brown and Elizabeth Warren in the heated Massachusetts U.S. Senate race of 2012, was an agreement between the two senate candidates to reject outside advertisements on their behalf.
The People’s Pledge stated that candidates would “work together to limit the influence of third party advertisements.” (Full text of the Pledge) The candidates agreed that, if such an ad aired on television, radio, or in print, the candidate benefiting from the ad would donate, from their own campaign account, half of the cost of the advertisement to a charity of the opposing candidate’s choice. The Pledge worked.
The People’s Pledge Effectively Raises Transparency And Accountability
Common Cause Massachusetts compared the Warren vs. Brown race to tightly contested U.S. Senate races in Virginia, Wisconsin, and Ohio. In those three states, donations from the top 15 Super PAC donors outmatched all small donations by 5 to 1, despite there being 175,000 small donors. In contrast, in the 2012 Massachusetts race, small donations outmatched outside group spending by 3 to 1. In addition, there was five times more “dark money” in the Virginia, Wisconsin, and Ohio elections than in Massachusetts. Ninety-seven percent of ads bought by outside groups in Virginia, Wisconsin and Ohio were negative. No outside money was spent on television ads in Massachusetts.
Total dark money spent in 2012 U.S. Senate races (millions):
Most expensive 2012 U.S. Senate races
The People’s Pledge Is Quickly Gaining Traction
Since the Warren/Brown Senate race, many candidates have joined their opponents in signing comparable versions of The Pledge or have gained positive media attention by requesting that their opponents join them in taking The Pledge.
Maine Senate Race, 2012: In Maine, now Senator Angus King gained substantial positive media attention when he asked opponents to sign People’s Pledge, despite the fact that his opponents never accepted his offer.
Massachusetts Senate Race, 2013: Senator Ed Markey challenged opponent, Gabriel Gomez to take the Pledge. Gomez refused. Markey held a press conference next to an empty chair, juxtaposing his commitment with Gomez’s refusal, which Markey used as proof that Gomez benefitted from money spent by unpopular influences in Massachusetts, such as the Koch brothers. Markey won.
Los Angeles Mayoral Race, 2013: Eric Garcetti proposed signing the People’s Pledge as part of the mayoral race and gained substantial positive media attention, for example from the Los Angeles Times, the Los Angeles Magazine and Huffington Post for his proposition. Opponents refused the offer. Garcetti won the mayoral election.
Rhode Island Governor Race, 2014: All the three Democrats running have taken the pledge for the Democratic primary.
Maryland Governor Race, 2014: Maryland Attorney General Douglas Gansler gained media attention, including a favorable editorial by the Washington Post by calling for the People’s Pledge in the Democratic primary in Maryland.
Massachusetts Governor Race, 2014: Democratic candidates are collaborating to finalize a People’s Pledge that they have all agreed to take.
New Hampshire Senate Race, 2014: Democratic candidates Jeanne Shaheen and Carol Shea-Porter have publicly requested that their Republican opponents take the People’s Pledge. The refusal by Shea-Porter’s rivals,Frank Guinta and Dan Innis, resulted in coverage of the significant proportion of their campaign funding coming from unknown outside sources.
Kentucky Senate Race, 2014: Democratic candidate Allison Lundergan Grimes proposed the People’s Pledge to Senator Mitch McConnell. His campaign made clear that he is unwilling to agree to the Pledge.
Polls Show Broad And Substantial Public Opposition To Outside Spending
83% of Americans (85% of Democrats, 81% of Republicans, 78% of Independents) want limits on campaign contributions from corporations. 90% of high-earners support such limits.
- Associated Press poll (August 2012)
8 in 10 Americans “support limits on the amount of money given to groups trying to influence U.S. elections” – AP-National Constitution Center poll (August 2012)